By Isabel Wang and Joseph Adinolfi
GDP dropped at a 0.9% annualized rate after a 1.6% decline in the first three months of 2022.
U.S. stocks fished higher on Thursday, with large-cap benchmark S&P 500 and Dow Jones Industrial Average booking their highest close in roughly seven weeks as investors digested second-quarter GDP data, a flurry of corporate earnings reports and the latest interest rate-hike from the Federal Reserve.
How did stocks do?
On Wednesday, the Dow rose 1.4%, the S&P 500 increased 2.6% and the Nasdaq Composite gained 4.1%, its best one-day percentage gain since April 6, 2020. Stocks rallied sharply following the Fed's latest rate-hike.
What drove markets
Stocks rallied Thursday following the release of data of second-quarter GDP, which showed that the U.S. economy had contracted by 0.9% between the beginning of April and end of June. The data marked a second consecutive quarter of contraction, following a minus 1.6% print for the first quarter of 2022. Stocks have recently greeted signs of a slowing economy with gains, as investors bet that weak data might pressure the Fed to slow the pace of interest rate hikes.
See: U.S. economy shrinks in the second quarter, GDP shows, and invites talk of recession
"What everyone can agree upon is that the economy is slowing rather quickly and that will keep the pressure on the Fed to tighten as much as they possibly can before they will need to go on hold," said Edward Moya, senior market analyst at OANDA. "Stagflation is obviously here now and will ultimately force the Fed into a difficult decision as to when they may need to pause tightening."
U.S. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen on Thursday said the economy is slowing, but it's still healthy by many measures. She said some slowdown in the economy is needed to help combat the highest inflation in almost 41 years.
"Most economists and most Americans have a similar definition of recession -- substantial job losses and mass layoffs, businesses shutting down, private sector activity slowing considerably, family budgets under immense strain," the Treasury chief said in a press conference on Thursday afternoon. "That is not what we're seeing right now when you look at the economy. Job creation is continuing; household finances remain strong. Consumers are spending and businesses are growing."
Weekly initial jobless claims fell by 5,000 to 256,000 in the week ended July 23, according to the latest weekly reading on the number of Americans filing for unemployment benefits. However, the four-week average of new claims rose for the eight straight week.
The surge in stocks that began Wednesday has been fueled in part by Powell saying that interest rates are now in the range of neutral territory and that the pace of hikes may slow, though he left another 75 basis point hike in September as a possibility
See: Was Fed's Powell dovish or not? 4 key takeaways from Wednesday's press conference
"Today's GDP numbers will reinforce pessimism about both the state of the U.S. economy and the outlook for corporate profits," David Kelly, chief global strategist at J.P. Morgan Asset Management, wrote in a note. "However, a small silver lining for markets is that an avowedly data-dependent Federal Reserve should see, in this weakness, a reason to be less aggressive in hiking rates in the rest of 2022."
Corporate earnings also have been an important driver of markets this week, which is expected to be the busiest week of its kind for the quarter. Meta Platforms (META), the parent company of Facebook and Instagram, released its quarterly report late Wednesday, showing worse-than-forecast profit and sales and guided revenue below estimates in the current quarter.
See: Facebook revenue declines for first time, and Meta's downfall is expected to get worse
Nearly 49% of S&P 500 companies have reported earnings through Thursday's open. Of those companies 71.5% have beaten estimates, FactSet data shows.
Looking ahead, earnings are due from Apple AAPL, Amazon AMZN and Mastercard MA after Thursday's market close. The June Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE) data, the inflation gauge favored by the Federal Reserve, will be released Friday morning.
Companies in focus
-- Steve Goldstein contributed to this article.
(END) Dow Jones Newswires
July 28, 2022 16:42 ET (20:42 GMT)
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