Drug companies plan to raise prices on vital medicines to fund R&D, but they already spend more on shareholder returns than research
By Ciara Linnane
Five biggest U.S. drug companies spent $112 billion on research and development from 2019 to 2021 but $125 billion on share buybacks and dividends, study finds
Drug companies planning to raise prices on cancer drugs and other life-saving treatments are justifying the move by claiming it's necessary to fund research and development, but the claim rings hollow given that they spend more on shareholder rewards than on R&D, according to a new study.
Accountable.US, a liberal-leaning consumer-advocacy group, found that in the period from 2019 to 2021, the five biggest U.S. drug companies spent $112 billion on R&D, but $125 billon on stock buybacks and dividends.
"Pharma executives like to hide behind R&D expenses yet they pale in comparison to oversized handouts to a small group of wealthy investors," said Liz Zelnick, director of Accountable.US's program on economic security and corporate power.
"The latest indicators show the economy is recovering, yet the Federal Reserve seems determined to stop it in its tracks with more aggressive interest rate hikes that threaten millions of jobs and invite a recession," said Zelnick. "The Fed's one-track-minded approach to inflation does not adequately address what's really driving it -- corporate greed."
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Accountable.US did a dive into 2021 and 2022 earnings from Pfizer Inc. (PFE), Bristol Myers Squibb Co. (BMY), AstraZeneca PLC (AZN.LN) and Sanofi SA (SAN.FR) and found that all four are planning to raise drug prices, even after strong gains in earnings and heavy spending on shareholder returns.
MarketWatch has reached out to all four companies seeking comment.
Pfizer, for example, enjoyed a 140% increase in net income in 2021 followed by a 42% increase in the first nine months of 2022. Yet the company is planning to raise prices on nearly 100 drugs, and it spent $2 billion on stock buybacks and $6.7 billion on dividends in 2022, according to the study.
Pfizer did not respond to a request for comment.
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Bristol Myers saw a 177.6% increase in net earnings in 2021 and raised buybacks by 206.6%. That company is planning to boost the price of its $400,000 blood-cancer treatment by 9%, according to the study.
Bristol Myers declined to comment on the record.
AstraZeneca is planning to raise the price of at least two cancer treatments and an asthma treatment after earnings rose more than fivefold in the first nine months of 2022 from the year-earlier period, the study found. AstraZeneca did not respond to a request for comment.
Sanofi's net income rose 12% in 2021 and more than 26% in the first nine months of 2022 and it spent more than EUR13.6 billion on shareholder handouts since 2020. The French company is planning to raise the price of 14 drugs and vaccines, according to Accountable.US.
Sanofi said the report mischaracterizes its work, "and seeks to draw correlations that are misleading at best.
"Its "findings" omit our investments in Global Health, in health systems, in helping communities affected by crises and in the work we do to improve people's lives across the globe," a spokesman said in emailed comments.
"Sanofi is an industry leader in responsible pricing and our Pricing Principles acknowledge our role in preserving a sustainable health care system and limiting our contribution to U.S. health care spending growth."
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Zelnick said the organization is not expecting the new House Republican majority to push hard to block what she called "corporate profiteering."
The four companies have donated more than $500,000 to House Republican leaders and nearly $300,000 to Republican current members of the House Financial Services Committee, she observed. Patrick McHenry, the North Carolina Republican who chairs the financial-services committee, alone received $130,000.
A recent Reuters report found that major drug companies intended to raise the price of more than 350 unique drugs in January, citing data from healthcare research company 3 Axis Advisors.
The Biden administration on Wednesday released a blueprint for implementing the Medicare drug-price-negotiation process set in motion by last year's Inflation Reduction Act.
Facing strong pharmaceutical-industry opposition to the negotiations and potential litigation over the implementation process, administration officials on calls with reporters Wednesday said they were focused on engaging with drug manufacturers, health plans, healthcare providers, patients and other groups as the negotiations unfold.
Officials are looking "to maximize transparency, predictability and collaboration," CMS administrator Chiquita Brooks-LaSure said on a call.
Americans spend more than people in any other country on prescription drugs, according to Accountable.US, which blamed pricing.
(END) Dow Jones Newswires
January 14, 2023 13:41 ET (18:41 GMT)
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