Earnings Per Diluted Share of $0.68 Increased by $0.28 Due to Foreign Exchange Gains
Company Increases Share Repurchase Program by $200 Million
IPG Photonics Corporation (NASDAQ: IPGP) today reported financial results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2020.
Three Months Ended March 31, (In millions, except per share data and percentages) 2020 2019 Change Revenue $ 249.2 $ 315.0 (21)% Gross margin 41.3 % 47.3 % Operating income $ 44.8 $ 68.3 (34)% Operating margin 18.0 % 21.7 % Net income attributable to IPG Photonics Corporation $ 36.4 $ 55.2 (34)% Earnings per diluted share $ 0.68 $ 1.02 (33)%
"We delivered first quarter revenue at the high end of our guidance range on a rebound in China-based demand during March and strength in new products," said Dr. Valentin Gapontsev, IPG Photonics' Chief Executive Officer. "Our strategy in dealing with the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic is to ensure the well-being of our employees, to serve our customers from our global facilities and to focus on the long-term opportunities enabled by our laser technology and the financial strength of the Company."
First quarter revenue of $249 million decreased 21% year over year. Currency depreciation relative to the exchange rates assumed in our first quarter guidance reduced revenue by $2 million. Materials processing sales decreased 28% year over year due to lower sales in cutting, welding and marking applications, while sales into other applications increased 123% year over year on strength in advanced applications and devices used in medical procedures. Materials processing sales accounted for 87% of total revenue.
Sales of high power continuous wave ("CW") lasers, representing 48% of total revenue, decreased 33% year over year due to the effects of COVID-19 on the global demand environment and lower average selling prices. Sales of fiber lasers at 6 kilowatts of power or greater were approximately 50% of all high power CW laser sales. By region, sales decreased 40% in China, 15% in Europe, 12% in Japan and increased 4% in North America on a year over year basis.
Earnings per diluted share ("EPS") of $0.68 decreased 33% year over year. Foreign exchange gains increased EPS by $0.28. The effective tax rate in the quarter was 23%, which benefited from certain discrete tax items. During the first quarter, IPG generated $57 million in cash from operations. Capital expenditures were $18 million and stock repurchases totaled $13 million.
Authorization of New Stock Buyback Program
Today IPG also announced that its Board of Directors has authorized the purchase of up to $200 million of IPG common stock. This new authorization is additive to the Company's existing stock repurchase program authorized in February 2019, under which approximately $60 million remains available for repurchase, increasing the total repurchase program to $260 million. Share repurchases may be made periodically in open-market transactions, and are subject to market conditions, legal requirements and other factors. The share repurchase program authorization does not obligate the Company to repurchase any dollar amount or number of its shares, and repurchases may be commenced or suspended from time to time without prior notice.
Business Outlook and Financial Guidance
"First quarter book to bill was meaningfully greater than 1.0, and above normal seasonality reflecting solid bookings growth and the weaker revenue quarter in China. In a more normal environment this would have translated into stronger guidance for the second quarter, but the global demand environment remains very uncertain given the effects of COVID-19 on manufacturing facilities and customer confidence around the world. While we have seen a rebound in China-based order volumes in the latter half of March and April, this has coincided with declining bookings in other regions, including Western Europe, North America and other countries in Asia. As such, visibility into a recovery in global demand remains uncertain at this time. Despite the uncertain near-term demand environment, we continue to target significant longer-term growth opportunities in laser welding, electric vehicle battery processing and our portfolio of new products. Our strong balance sheet will help us through the crisis and emerge with the ability to capitalize on the many opportunities we have ahead," said Dr. Gapontsev.
For the second quarter of 2020, IPG expects revenue of $260 million to $290 million. The Company expects the second quarter tax rate to be approximately 26%. IPG anticipates delivering earnings per diluted share in the range of $0.40 to $0.70, with 53.1 million basic common shares outstanding and 53.7 million diluted common shares outstanding. Financial guidance provided this quarter is subject to greater risk and uncertainty given the COVID-19 pandemic and its associated impacts to the global business environment, public health requirements and government mandates.
As discussed in more detail in the "Safe Harbor" passage of this news release, actual results may differ from this guidance due to various factors including, but not limited to, government and company measures implemented to address the COVID-19 pandemic, product demand, order cancellations and delays, competition, tariffs, trade policy changes and general economic conditions. This guidance is based upon current market conditions and expectations, and is subject to the risks outlined in the Company's reports with the SEC, and assumes exchange rates relative to the U.S. Dollar of Euro 0.91, Russian Ruble 78, Japanese Yen 108 and Chinese Yuan 7.09, respectively.
Supplemental Financial Information
Additional supplemental financial information is provided in the unaudited First Quarter 2020 Financial Data Workbook available on the investor relations section of the Company's website at investor.ipgphotonics.com.
Conference Call Reminder
The Company will hold a conference call today, May 5, 2020 at 10:00 am ET. To access the call, please dial 877-407-6184 in the US or 201-389-0877 internationally. A live webcast of the call will also be available and archived on the investor relations section of the Company's website at investor.ipgphotonics.com.
Vice President of Investor Relations
IPG Photonics Corporation
About IPG Photonics Corporation
IPG Photonics Corporation is the leader in high-power fiber lasers and amplifiers used primarily in materials processing and other diverse applications. The Company's mission is to make its fiber laser technology the tool of choice in mass production. IPG accomplishes this mission by delivering superior performance, reliability and usability at a lower total cost of ownership compared with other types of lasers and non-laser tools, allowing end users to increase productivity and decrease costs. A member of the S&P 500(R) Index, IPG is headquartered in Oxford, Massachusetts and has more than 25 facilities worldwide. For more information, visit www.ipgphotonics.com.
Safe Harbor Statement
Information and statements provided by IPG and its employees, including statements in this press release, that relate to future plans, events or performance are forward-looking statements. These statements involve risks and uncertainties. Any statements in this press release that are not statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements, including, but not limited to, the new stock buyback program, the global demand environment, customer confidence, a rebound in China-based order volumes, declining bookings in other major areas, impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, the global economy and financial markets, including any restrictions on our operations, the operations of our customers and suppliers resulting from public health measures and government mandates, targeting significant growth opportunities, that our strong balance sheet will help us through the crisis and emerge with the ability to capitalize on opportunities ahead, revenue, tax rate and earnings guidance for Q2 2020 and the impact of restructuring charges and goodwill impairment on EPS. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially include risks and uncertainties, including risks associated with the strength or weakness of the business conditions in industries and geographic markets that IPG serves, particularly the effect of downturns in the markets IPG serves; uncertainties and adverse changes in the general economic conditions of markets; IPG's ability to penetrate new applications for fiber lasers and increase market share; the rate of acceptance and penetration of IPG's products; inability to manage risks associated with international customers and operations; changes in trade controls and trade policies; foreign currency fluctuations; high levels of fixed costs from IPG's vertical integration; the appropriateness of IPG's manufacturing capacity for the level of demand; competitive factors, including declining average selling prices; the effect of acquisitions and investments; inventory write-downs; asset impairment charges; intellectual property infringement claims and litigation; interruption in supply of key components; manufacturing risks; government regulations and trade sanctions; and other risks identified in IPG's SEC filings. Readers are encouraged to refer to the risk factors described in IPG's Annual Report on Form 10-K (filed with the SEC on February 24, 2020), Current Report on Form 8-K (filed with the SEC on May 5, 2020) and IPG's reports filed with the SEC, as applicable. Actual results, events and performance may differ materially. Readers are cautioned not to rely on the forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date hereof. IPG undertakes no obligation to update the forward-looking statements that may be made to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.
IPG PHOTONICS CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (UNAUDITED)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 2019 (In thousands, except per share data) Net sales $ 249,242 $ 315,047 Cost of sales 146,366 166,136 Gross profit 102,876 148,911 Operating expenses: Sales and marketing 18,683 19,275 Research and development 31,838 32,496 General and administrative 27,124 27,212 (Gain) loss on foreign exchange (19,565 ) 1,613 Total operating expenses 58,080 80,596 Operating income 44,796 68,315 Other income (expense), net: Interest income, net 3,073 3,952 Other income (expense), net 191 (9 ) Total other income 3,264 3,943 Income before provision of income taxes 48,060 72,258 Provision for income taxes 11,294 17,342 Net income 36,766 54,916 Less: net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests 363 (243 ) Net income attributable to IPG Photonics Corporation $ 36,403 $ 55,159 Net income attributable to IPG Photonics Corporation per share: Basic $ 0.69 $ 1.04 Diluted $ 0.68 $ 1.02 Weighted average shares outstanding: Basic 53,075 53,001 Diluted 53,676 53,874
IPG PHOTONICS CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)
March 31, December 31, 2020 2019 (In thousands, except share and per share data) ASSETS Current assets: Cash and cash equivalents $ 570,058 $ 680,070 Short-term investments 625,085 502,546 Accounts receivable, net 200,646 238,479 Inventories 363,383 380,790 Prepaid income taxes 50,840 38,873 Prepaid expenses and other current assets 64,514 55,876 Total current assets 1,874,526 1,896,634 Deferred income taxes, net 32,801 31,395 Goodwill 81,627 82,092 Intangible assets, net 70,832 74,271 Property, plant and equipment, net 580,980 600,852 Other assets 39,368 45,192 Total assets $ 2,680,134 $ 2,730,436 LIABILITIES AND EQUITY Current liabilities: Current portion of long-term debt $ 3,757 $ 3,740 Accounts payable 39,648 27,329 Accrued expenses and other liabilities 148,671 149,782 Income taxes payable 3,356 11,053 Total current liabilities 195,432 191,904 Deferred income taxes and other long-term liabilities 91,750 98,121 Long-term debt, net of current portion 37,022 37,968 Total liabilities 324,204 327,993 Commitments and contingencies IPG Photonics Corporation equity: Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 175,000,000 shares authorized; 54,968,352 and 53,127,181 shares issued and outstanding, respectively, at March 31, 2020; 54,743,227 and 53,010,875 shares issued and outstanding, respectively, at December 31, 2019. 6 5 Treasury stock, at cost, 1,841,171 and 1,732,352 shares held at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. (278,446 ) (265,730 ) Additional paid-in capital 788,568 785,636 Retained earnings 2,065,022 2,028,734 Accumulated other comprehensive loss (220,081 ) (146,919 ) Total IPG Photonics Corporation equity 2,355,069 2,401,726 Non-controlling interests 861 717 Total equity 2,355,930 2,402,443 Total liabilities and equity $ 2,680,134 $ 2,730,436
IPG PHOTONICS CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 2019 (In thousands) Cash flows from operating activities: Net income $ 36,766 $ 54,916 Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities: Depreciation and amortization 24,099 22,802 Provisions for inventory, warranty & bad debt 13,486 9,912 Other (11,079 ) 17,727 Changes in assets and liabilities that used cash: Accounts receivable and accounts payable 40,546 24,808 Inventories (10,429 ) (19,719 ) Other (36,608 ) (66,791 ) Net cash provided by operating activities 56,781 43,655 Cash flows from investing activities: Purchases of property, plant and equipment (17,801 ) (32,988 ) Proceeds from sales of property, plant and equipment 139 181 Purchases of investments (308,195 ) (178,101 ) Proceeds from sales of investments 186,024 202,856 Acquisitions of businesses, net of cash acquired -- (15,115 ) Other 79 15 Net cash used in investing activities (139,754 ) (23,152 ) Cash flows from financing activities: Principal payments on long-term borrowings (928 ) (911 ) Proceeds from issuance of common stock under employee stock option and purchase plans less payments for taxes related to net share settlement of equity awards (5,498 ) (6,149 ) Purchase of treasury stock, at cost (12,716 ) -- Payment of purchase price holdback from business combination (1,650 ) -- Net cash used in financing activities (20,792 ) (7,060 ) Effect of changes in exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents (6,878 ) (5,997 ) Net (decrease) increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash (110,643 ) 7,446 Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash -- Beginning of period 682,984 544,358 Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash -- End of period $ 572,341 $ 551,804 Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information: Cash paid for interest $ 447 $ 749 Cash paid for income taxes $ 29,865 $ 51,438
IPG PHOTONICS CORPORATION
SUPPLEMENTAL SCHEDULE OF ACQUISITION RELATED COSTS AND OTHER CHARGES (UNAUDITED)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 2019 (In thousands) Amortization of intangible assets: Cost of sales $ 1,222 $ 1,346 Sales and marketing 1,778 1,810 Research and development 133 160 Total acquisition related costs and other charges $ 3,133 $ 3,316
IPG PHOTONICS CORPORATION
SUPPLEMENTAL SCHEDULE OF STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION AND ACCOUNTING STANDARD IMPACTS TO NET INCOME AND EARNINGS PER SHARE (UNAUDITED)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 2019 (In thousands) Cost of sales $ 2,532 $ 2,039 Sales and marketing 961 787 Research and development 2,071 1,857 General and administrative 2,874 3,455 Total stock-based compensation 8,438 8,138 Tax effect of stock-based compensation (1,936 ) (1,916 ) Net stock-based compensation $ 6,502 $ 6,222
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 2019 (In thousands) Excess tax benefit on exercise of stock options included in net income $ 2,918 $ 2,910