Archer-Daniels-Midland Co
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Consumer Staples : Food Products | Mid Cap Value
Company profile

Archer-Daniels-Midland Company owns and operates grain elevator and transportation network to procure, store, clean, and transport agricultural raw materials, such as oilseeds, corn, wheat, milo, oats, and barley. The Company’s operations are organized into three reportable business segments: Ag Services and Oilseeds, Carbohydrate Solutions, and Nutrition. The Ag Services and Oilseeds segment includes global activities related to the origination, merchandising, transportation, and storage of agricultural raw materials. The Carbohydrate Solutions segment converts corn and wheat into products and ingredients used in the food and beverage industry, including sweeteners, corn and wheat starches, syrup, wheat flour and dextrose. The Nutrition segment engages in the manufacturing, sale, and distribution of various ingredients and solutions, including plant-based proteins, flavor systems, natural colors, emulsifiers, soluble fiber, enzymes, and other specialty food and feed ingredients.

Postmarket

Last Trade
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Market Hours

Closing Price
$71.00
Day's Change
-0.27 (-0.38%)
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--
Ask
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B/A Size
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Day's High
72.12
Day's Low
71.00
Volume
(Above Average)
Volume:
2,638,495

10-day average volume:
2,258,674
2,638,495

ADM Reports Third Quarter Earnings per Share of $0.93, $0.97 on an Adjusted Basis

7:00 am ET October 26, 2021 (BusinessWire) Print

ADM (NYSE: ADM) today reported financial results for the quarter ended September 30, 2021.

"Agile execution across our tightly integrated supply chain amid an environment of strong demand and robust crush margins, and continued impressive growth in Nutrition, drove our eighth consecutive quarter of year-over-year adjusted operating profit growth," said Chairman and CEO Juan Luciano.

"Our team's great ability to leverage the favorable operating environment, and the consistent implementation of our strategic plan, have put ADM on track for a strong fourth quarter culminating in a second consecutive year of record earnings per share. And as we look ahead, we remain optimistic in sustainable earnings growth in the medium term as we continue to execute our strategy, including the dynamic positioning of our business portfolio."

ADM has made a series of strategic growth and portfolio announcements in recent months, including significantly enhancing its growing pet business with a 75% ownership stake in PetDine, and continuing to advance its evolution to higher-value sustainable solutions in Carbohydrate Solutions with the sale of the Peoria ethanol complex; an MoU with Gevo, Inc. for the production of sustainable aviation fuel; and an agreement with LG Chem to explore U.S.-based production of plant-based biosolutions.

Third Quarter 2021 Highlights

(Amounts in millions except per share amounts)                2021                                 2020
                                               --------------------------------   -------------------- --------------------------------
Earnings per share (as reported)               $        0.93     $        0.40  
Adjusted earnings per share(1)                 $        0.97     $        0.89  
                                               
Segment operating profit                       $       1,000     $         904  
Adjusted segment operating profit (loss)(1)    $       1,002     $         849  
                                                         618               436  
   Ag Services and Oilseeds
                                                         213               246  
   Carbohydrate Solutions
                                                         176               147  
   Nutrition

Q3 2021 EPS as reported of $0.93 includes a $0.05 per share charge related to debt extinguishment, a $0.01 per share charge related to restructuring and settlement, a $0.01 per share gain related to the mark-to-market adjustment on the Wilmar exchangeable bond, and a $0.01 per share tax benefit related to certain discrete items. Adjusted EPS, which excludes these items, was $0.97.(1)

(1) Non-GAAP financial measures; see pages 5, 10, 11 and 12 for explanations and reconciliations, including after-tax amounts.

Quarterly Results of Operations

Ag Services & Oilseeds delivered substantially higher results versus the third quarter of 2020.

Ag Services executed well in a challenging environment, including a rapid return to operation after Hurricane Ida. Overall results were significantly lower versus the prior-year quarter, driven by approximately $50 million in net negative timing effects that should reverse in coming quarters; a $54 million insurance settlement recorded in the prior-year period; and lower export volumes caused by Hurricane Ida. Global Trade continued its strong performance. Crushing had substantially higher year-over-year results. The team executed well, delivering stronger margins in a dynamic environment that included strong demand for vegetable oil to support our existing food customers as well as increasing production of renewable diesel. Results were also driven by approximately $70 million in net positive timing effects in the quarter. Refined Products and Other results were significantly higher than the prior-year period, driven by positive timing effects of approximately $80 million that are expected to reverse in future quarters, along with strong execution in EMEA and NA biodiesel and strong refining premiums due to demand for renewable diesel and foodservice recovery in North America. Equity earnings from Wilmar were lower versus the third quarter of 2020.

Carbohydrate Solutions results were lower year over year.

Starches and Sweeteners, including ethanol production from our wet mills, managed through dynamic market conditions, optimizing mix between sweeteners and ethanol production through the quarter. Year-over-year results were significantly lower primarily due to higher input costs. Vantage Corn Processors results were much higher versus the third quarter of 2020, supported by the resumption of production at our two dry mills and improved fuel ethanol margins, particularly late in the quarter.

Nutrition delivered another strong performance, with revenue growth of 17% helping drive 20% higher year-over-year operating profits.

Human Nutrition delivered 9% higher profits. Higher volume and improved product mix, with particular strength in beverage, drove strong Flavors results in EMEA and North America, partially offset by lower results in APAC. Specialty Ingredients continued to benefit from strong demand for alternative proteins, offset by some higher costs. Health & Wellness results were higher on robust sales growth in bioactives and fiber. Animal Nutrition profits were nearly double the year-ago period, driven primarily by strength in amino acids as well as feed additives and ingredients, partially offset by higher costs in LATAM and slower demand recovery in APAC.

Other Business results were substantially lower than the prior-year period, driven primarily by captive insurance underwriting losses, most of which were offset by corresponding recoveries in other business segments.

Other Items of Note

As additional information to help clarify underlying business performance, the table on page 10 includes reported earnings and EPS as well as adjusted earnings and EPS.

In Corporate results, interest expense decreased year over year on lower interest rates and the favorable liability management actions taken in the prior year. Unallocated corporate costs were higher year over year due primarily to higher IT operating and project-related costs and transfers of costs from business segments into the centralized centers of excellence in supply chain and operations. Corporate results also included debt extinguishment charges of $36 million ($0.05 per share) and a gain related to the mark-to-market adjustment on the Wilmar exchangeable bond of $7 million ($0.01 per share).

The effective tax rate for the quarter was 18 percent compared to a benefit of 13 percent in the prior year. The low rate in the prior-year quarter included the effects of the significant early debt retirement, the sale of a portion of the Company's shares in Wilmar, and changes in the forecasted geographic mix of pretax earnings on the 2020 annual effective tax rate in that period.

Note: Additional Facts and Explanations

Additional facts and explanations about results and industry environment can be found at the end of the ADM Q3 Earnings Presentation at www.adm.com/webcast.

Conference Call Information

ADM will host a webcast on October 26, 2021, at 8 a.m. Central Time to discuss financial results and provide a company update. To listen to the webcast, go to www.adm.com/webcast. A replay of the webcast will also be available for an extended period of time at www.adm.com/webcast.

Forward-Looking Statements

Some of our comments and materials in this presentation constitute forward-looking statements that reflect management's current views and estimates of future economic circumstances, industry conditions, Company performance and financial results. These statements and materials are based on many assumptions and factors that are subject to risk and uncertainties. ADM has provided additional information in its reports on file with the SEC concerning assumptions and factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in this presentation, and you should carefully review the assumptions and factors in our SEC reports. To the extent permitted under applicable law, ADM assumes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements as a result of new information or future events.

About ADM

At ADM, we unlock the power of nature to provide access to nutrition worldwide. With industry-advancing innovations, a complete portfolio of ingredients and solutions to meet any taste, and a commitment to sustainability, we give customers an edge in solving the nutritional challenges of today and tomorrow. We're a global leader in human and animal nutrition and the world's premier agricultural origination and processing company. Our breadth, depth, insights, facilities and logistical expertise give us unparalleled capabilities to meet needs for food, beverages, health and wellness, and more. From the seed of the idea to the outcome of the solution, we enrich the quality of life the world over. Learn more at www.adm.com.

Financial Tables Follow

Source: Corporate Release

Segment Operating Profit, Adjusted Segment Operating Profit (a non-GAAP financial measure)
and Corporate Results
(unaudited)
                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                       Quarter ended                                                                               Nine months ended                                    
                                                                       September 30                                                                                  September 30                                       
                                                           --------------------------------------------------------------------      ----------------------------------                        --------------------------------------------------------------------      --------------------------------
(In millions)                                                              2021                                 2020                                Change                                  2021                                 2020                               Change
---------------------------------------------------------- ----------------------------------   ----------------------------------   ----------------------------------                        ----------------------------------   ----------------------------------   --------------------------------
                                                                                                                                     
---------------------------------------------------------- ----------------------------------   ----------------------------------   ----------------------------------   -------------------- ----------------------------------   ----------------------------------   --------------------------------
Segment Operating Profit                                   $         1,000   $           904   $            96     $         3,250   $         2,316   $         934  
Specified items:                                                                                                                                        
                                                            --               (57 )                                 57                 (22 )                                (80 )                               58  
   (Gains) losses on sales of assets and businesses
                                                                         2                 2    --                 133                60              73  
   Impairment, restructuring, and settlement charges
                                                           --------------  -------------------- --------------  -------------------- --------------  --------------------                      --------------  -------------------- --------------  -------------------- ------------  --------------------
Adjusted Segment Operating Profit                          $         1,002   $           849   $           153     $         3,361   $         2,296   $       1,065  
                                                                                                                                                        
    
                                                           $           618   $           436   $           182     $         1,965   $         1,271   $         694  
   Ag Services and Oilseeds
                                                           ------- ------- -------------------- ------- ------- -------------------- ------- ------- --------------------                      ------- ------- -------------------- ------- ------- -------------------- ------ ------ --------------------
                                                                        36               147              (111 )                                  435               482             (47 )
      Ag Services
                                                                       280                66               214                 812               249             563  
      Crushing
                                                                       236               127               109                 467               286             181  
      Refined Products and Other
                                                                        66                96               (30 )                                  251               254              (3 )
      Wilmar
                                                                                                                                                        
    
                                                           $           213   $           246   $           (33 )                      $           855   $           509   $         346  
   Carbohydrate Solutions
                                                           ------- ------- -------------------- ------- ------- -------------------- ------- ------- --------------------                      ------- ------- -------------------- ------- ------- -------------------- ------ ------ --------------------
                                                                       178               257               (79 )                                  706               533             173  
      Starches and Sweeteners
                                                                        35               (11 )                                 46                 149               (24 )                              173  
      Vantage Corn Processors
                                                                                                                                                        
    
                                                           $           176   $           147   $            29     $           531   $           447   $          84  
   Nutrition
                                                           ------- ------- -------------------- ------- ------- -------------------- ------- ------- --------------------                      ------- ------- -------------------- ------- ------- -------------------- ------ ------ --------------------
                                                                       139               128                11                 429               372              57  
      Human Nutrition
                                                                        37                19                18                 102                75              27  
      Animal Nutrition
                                                                                                                                                        
    
                                                           $            (5 )                    $            20   $           (25 )                      $            10   $            69   $         (59 )
   Other Business
                                                           ------- ------- -------------------- ------- ------- -------------------- ------- ------- --------------------                      ------- ------- -------------------- ------- ------- -------------------- ------ ------ --------------------
                                                                                                                                     
---------------------------------------------------------- ----------------------------------   ----------------------------------   ----------------------------------   -------------------- ----------------------------------   ----------------------------------   --------------------------------
                                                                                                                                     
---------------------------------------------------------- ----------------------------------   ----------------------------------   ----------------------------------   -------------------- ----------------------------------   ----------------------------------   --------------------------------
Segment Operating Profit                                   $         1,000   $           904   $            96     $         3,250   $         2,316   $         934  
                                                                                                                                     
Corporate Results                                          $          (347 )                    $          (704 )                    $           357     $          (948 )                    $        (1,189 )                    $         241  
                                                           ------- ------- -------------------- ------- ------- -------------------- ------- ------- --------------------                      ------- ------- -------------------- ------- ------- -------------------- ------ ------ --------------------
                                                                                                                                     
                                                                       (66 )                                (83 )                                 17                (200 )                               (246 )                               46  
      Interest expense - net
                                                                      (231 )                               (196 )                                (35 )                                 (681 )                               (579 )                             (102 )
      Unallocated corporate costs
                                                                       (17 )                                 (8 )                                 (9 )                                   42               (25 )                               67  
      Other
                                                                                                                                                        
      Specified items:
                                                            --    --    --      --                91             (91 )
         LIFO credit (charge)
                                                                       (36 )                               (396 )                                360                 (36 )                               (410 )                              374  
         Debt extinguishment charges
                                                                        (3 )                     --                (3 )                                   (3 )                     --              (3 )
         Expenses related to acquisitions
                                                                         7               (15 )                                 22                  17               (15 )                               32  
         Gain (loss) on debt conversion option
                                                                        (1 )                                 (6 )                                  5                 (87 )                                 (5 )                              (82 )
         Impairment, restructuring, and settlement charges
                                                           --------------  -------------------- --------------  -------------------- --------------  --------------------                      --------------  -------------------- --------------  -------------------- ------------  --------------------
Segment operating profit is ADM's consolidated income from operations before income tax excluding corporate items. Adjusted segment operating profit, a non-GAAP financial measure, is segment operating profit excluding specified items. Management believes that segment operating profit and adjusted segment operating profit are useful measures of ADM's performance because they provide investors information about ADM's business unit performance excluding corporate overhead costs as well as specified items. Segment operating profit and adjusted segment operating profit are not measures of consolidated operating results under U.S. GAAP and should not be considered alternatives to income before income taxes, the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, or any other measure of consolidated operating results under U.S. GAAP.
Consolidated Statements of Earnings
(unaudited)
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                         Quarter ended                                                                              Nine months ended
                                                                                         September 30                                                                                 September 30
                                                                     ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                 2021                                 2020                                 2021                                 2020
                                                                     --------------------------------   -------------------- --------------------------------   -------------------- --------------------------------   -------------------- --------------------------------
                                                                                                                                    (in millions, except per share amounts)
                                                                                                         
Revenues                                                             $      20,340     $      15,126     $      62,159     $      46,377  
Cost of products sold (1)                                                   19,014            14,084            57,822            43,276  
                                                                     ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------
                                                                             1,326             1,042             4,337             3,101  
   Gross profit
Selling, general, and administrative expenses (2)                              720               636             2,208             1,938  
Asset impairment, exit, and restructuring costs (3)                              2                 4                84                61  
Equity in (earnings) losses of unconsolidated affiliates                      (110 )                               (160 )                               (398 )                               (403 )
Investment income                                                              (20 )                                (20 )                                (83 )                                (94 )
Interest expense (4)                                                            61               100               188               270  
Other (income) expense - net (5,6,7,8)                                          20               282                36               202  
                                                                     ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------
                                                                               653               200             2,302             1,127  
   Earnings before income taxes
Income tax expense (benefit) (9)                                               120               (26 )                                364                38  
                                                                     ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------
                                                                               533               226             1,938             1,089  
   Net earnings including noncontrolling interests
                                                                                                         
Less: Net earnings (losses) attributable to noncontrolling interests             7                 1                11                 4  
                                                                     ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------
Net earnings attributable to ADM                                     $         526     $         225     $       1,927     $       1,085  
                                                                     ====== ====== ====================                      ====== ====== ====================                      ====== ====== ====================                      ====== ====== ====================
                                                                                                         
Diluted earnings per common share                                    $        0.93     $        0.40     $        3.41     $        1.93  
                                                                                                         
Average diluted shares outstanding                                             566               562               566               563  
(1) Includes a charge related to an inventory writedown of $13 million in the current YTD, and a credit related to changes in the Company's LIFO reserves of $91 million in the prior YTD.
 
(2) Includes a charge related to a legal settlement of $38 million in the current YTD and $4 million in the prior quarter and YTD. Also includes acquisition-related expenses of $3 million in the current quarter and YTD.
 
(3) Includes charges related to restructuring of $2 million and impairment and restructuring of $84 million in the current quarter and YTD, respectively, and impairment and restructuring of $4 million and $61 million in the prior quarter and YTD, respectively.
 
(4) Includes (gains) losses related to the mark-to-market adjustment of the conversion option of the exchangeable bond issued in August 2020 of $(7) million and $(17) million in the current quarter and YTD, respectively, and $15 million in the prior quarter and YTD.
 
(5) Includes YTD gains related to the sale of certain assets of $22 million, and prior quarter and YTD gains related to the sale of Wilmar shares and certain other assets of $57 million and $80 million, respectively.
 
(6) Includes exit costs of $2 million in the current YTD.
 
(7) Includes a settlement charge related to pension liabilities of $1 million and $83 million in the current quarter and YTD, respectively.
 
(8) Includes a loss on debt extinguishment of $36 million in the current quarter and YTD primarily related to the early redemption of the $500 million 2.75% notes due in 2025. Includes early debt repayment expenses of $396 million and $410 million in the prior quarter and YTD, respectively.
 
Summary of Financial Condition
(unaudited)
                                                   
                                           September 30,                         September 30,
                                                                                     2021                                                     2020
                                                                      --------------------------------   -------------------- ----------------------------------
                                                                        (in millions)
Net Investment In                                                     
Cash and cash equivalents (a)                      $       1,083     $           948  
Operating working capital (b)                             10,396               8,122  
Property, plant, and equipment                             9,848               9,816  
Investments in and advances to affiliates                  5,148               4,771  
Goodwill and other intangibles                             5,705               5,275  
Other non-current assets                                   2,307               2,167  
Net current assets held for sale                             130      --  
                                                                      ------------  --------------------                      --------------  --------------------
                                $      34,617     $        31,099  
                                                                      ====== ====== ====================                      ======= ======= ====================
Financed By                                                                           
Short-term debt (a)                                $         314     $           209  
Long-term debt, including current maturities (a)           8,620               7,924  
Deferred liabilities                                       3,468               3,540  
Temporary equity                                             225                  85  
Shareholders' equity           21,990              19,341  
                                                                      ------------  --------------------                      --------------  --------------------
(a) Net debt is calculated as short-term debt plus long-term debt (including current maturities) less cash and cash equivalents. Net debt is calculated as short-term debt plus long-term debt (including current maturities) less cash and cash equivalents.
Summary of Cash Flows
(unaudited)
                                                                                
                                                                                                                     Nine months ended
                                                                                                                       September 30
                                                                                                                     --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                               2021                                  2020
                                                                                                                     ----------------------------------   -------------------- --------------------------------
                                                                                                                       (in millions)
Operating Activities                                                                                                   
                                                                                                  $         1,938     $       1,089  
   Net earnings
                                                                                                              739               727  
   Depreciation and amortization
                                                                                                               54                50  
   Asset impairment charges
                                                                                                              (95 )                               (132 )
   (Gains) losses on sales/revaluation of assets
                                                                                                              454               561  
   Other - net
                                                                                                   --            (4,603 )
   Change in deferred consideration in securitized receivables(a)
                                                                                                            2,763               792  
   Other changes in operating assets and liabilities
                                                                                                                     --------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------
                                                                                                            5,853            (1,516 )
      Total Operating Activities
                                                                                                                       
    
Investing Activities                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                             (714 )                               (558 )
   Purchases of property, plant and equipment
                                                                                                             (501 )                                 (3 )
   Net assets of businesses acquired
                                                                                                               73               708  
   Proceeds from sale of business/assets
                                                                                                   --            (2,121 )
   Investments in retained interest in securitized receivables(a)
                                                                                                   --             6,724  
   Proceeds from retained interest in securitized receivables(a)
                                                                                                                1                (1 )
   Marketable securities - net
                                                                                                               (7 )                                 (5 )
   Investments in and advances to affiliates
                                                                                                             (139 )                                (16 )
   Other investing activities
                                                                                                                     --------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------
                                                                                                           (1,287 )                              4,728  
      Total Investing Activities
                                                                                                                       
    
Financing Activities                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                            1,330             1,790  
   Long-term debt borrowings
                                                                                                             (533 )                             (2,032 )
   Long-term debt payments
                                                                                                           (1,726 )                               (993 )
   Net borrowings (payments) under lines of credit
                                                                                                   --              (117 )
   Share repurchases
                                                                                                             (626 )                               (607 )
   Cash dividends
                                                                                                                1                16  
   Other
                                                                                                                     --------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------
                                                                                                           (1,554 )                             (1,943 )
      Total Financing Activities
                                                                                                    
Increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash, and restricted cash equivalents             3,012             1,269  
Cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash, and restricted cash equivalents - beginning of period              4,646             2,990  
                                                                                                                     --------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------
(a) Cash flows related to the Company's retained interest in securitized receivables as required by ASU 2016-15 which took effect January 1, 2018.
Segment Operating Analysis
(unaudited)
                                                                                         
                                                     Quarter ended                                                                              Nine months ended
                                                     September 30                                                                                 September 30
                                 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             2021                                 2020                                 2021                                 2020
                                 --------------------------------   -------------------- --------------------------------   -------------------- --------------------------------   -------------------- --------------------------------
                                                                                           (in '000s metric tons)
Processed volumes (by commodity)                                                        
Oilseeds                                 8,509             8,970            26,247            27,236  
Corn                                     5,051             4,084            13,743            13,717  
                                 ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------
Total processed volumes                 13,560            13,054            39,990            40,953  
                                 ============  ====================                      ============  ====================                      ============  ====================                      ============  ====================
                                                                     
                                                                     
                                                     Quarter ended                                                                              Nine months ended
                                                     September 30                                                                                 September 30
                                 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             2021                                 2020                                 2021                                 2020
                                 --------------------------------   -------------------- --------------------------------   -------------------- --------------------------------   -------------------- --------------------------------
                                                                                                             (in millions)
Revenues                                                                                              
Ag Services and Oilseeds         $      15,689     $      11,527     $      48,967     $      35,347  
Carbohydrate Solutions                   2,866             2,064             7,909             6,394  
Nutrition                                1,697             1,451             4,993             4,359  
Other Business                              88                84               290               277  
                                 ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------
Adjusted Earnings Per Share
A non-GAAP financial measure
(unaudited)
                                                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                   Quarter ended September 30                                                                                                                          Nine months ended September 30
                                                              2021                                                   2020                                                     2021                                                   2020                          
                                                         ------------------------------------------------     -------------------- ------------------------------------------------     --------------------                      ------------------------------------------------     -------------------- ------------------------------------------------     --------------------
                                                   In millions                           Per share                           In millions                           Per share                             In millions                           Per share                           In millions                           Per share
                                                         ----------------------------------   ----------------------------------   ----------------------------------   ----------------------------------                        ----------------------------------   ----------------------------------   ----------------------------------   ----------------------------------
Net earnings and fully diluted EPS                       $           526   $          0.93   $           225   $          0.40     $         1,927   $          3.41   $         1,085   $          1.93  
Adjustments:                                                                                                                                                                              
                                                          --    --    --    --      --    --               (69 )                              (0.12 )
   LIFO charge (credit) (a)
                                                          --    --               (54 )                              (0.10 )                                  (17 )                              (0.03 )                                (72 )                              (0.13 )
   Losses (gains) on sales of assets and businesses (b)
                                                                       3              0.01                 5              0.01                 167              0.30                49              0.09  
   Impairment, restructuring, and settlement charges (c)
                                                                       2    --    --    --                   2    --    --    --  
   Expenses related to acquisitions (d)
                                                                      27              0.05               300              0.53                  27              0.05               311              0.55  
   Debt extinguishment charges (e)
                                                                      (7 )                              (0.01 )                                 15              0.03                 (17 )                              (0.03 )                                 15              0.03  
   Loss (gain) on debt conversion option (f)
                                                                      (3 )                              (0.01 )                                  8              0.02                  (4 )                              (0.01 )                                 16              0.03  
   Tax adjustment (g)
                                                         --------------  -------------------- --------------  -------------------- --------------  -------------------- --------------  --------------------                      --------------  -------------------- --------------  -------------------- --------------  -------------------- --------------  --------------------
Sub-total adjustments                                                 22              0.04               274              0.49                 158              0.28               250              0.45  
                                                         --------------  -------------------- --------------  -------------------- --------------  -------------------- --------------  --------------------                      --------------  -------------------- --------------  -------------------- --------------  -------------------- --------------  --------------------
Adjusted net earnings and adjusted EPS                   $           548   $          0.97   $           499   $          0.89     $         2,085   $          3.69   $         1,335   $          2.38  
                                                         ======= ======= ==================== ======= ======= ==================== ======= ======= ==================== ======= ======= ====================                      ======= ======= ==================== ======= ======= ==================== ======= ======= ==================== ======= ======= ====================
(a) Prior YTD changes in the Company's LIFO reserves of $(91) million pretax ($69 million after tax), tax effected using the Company's U.S. income tax rate.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Prior YTD changes in the Company's LIFO reserves of $(91) million pretax ($69 million after tax), tax effected using the Company's U.S. income tax rate.
(b) Current YTD gains of $22 million pretax ($17 million after tax) were related to the sale of certain assets, tax effected using the Company's U.S. income tax rate. Prior quarter and YTD gains of $57 million pretax ($54 million after tax) and $80 million pretax ($72 million after tax), respectively, were primarily related to the sale of Wilmar shares and certain other assets, tax effected using the applicable tax rates.                                                                                                                                                                                                   Current YTD gains of $22 million pretax ($17 million after tax) were related to the sale of certain assets, tax effected using the Company's U.S. income tax rate. Prior quarter and YTD gains of $57 million pretax ($54 million after tax) and $80 million pretax ($72 million after tax), respectively, were primarily related to the sale of Wilmar shares and certain other assets, tax effected using the applicable tax rates.
(c) Current quarter charges of $3 million pretax ($3 million after tax) were related to restructuring and pension settlement, tax effected using the applicable tax rates. Current YTD charges of $220 million pretax ($167 million after tax) were related to the impairment of certain assets, restructuring, and legal and pension settlements, tax effected using the applicable tax rates. Prior quarter and YTD charges of $8 million and $65 million pretax, respectively ($5 million and $49 million after tax, respectively), were related to the impairment of certain assets, restructuring, and a settlement, tax effected using the applicable tax rates. Current quarter charges of $3 million pretax ($3 million after tax) were related to restructuring and pension settlement, tax effected using the applicable tax rates. Current YTD charges of $220 million pretax ($167 million after tax) were related to the impairment of certain assets, restructuring, and legal and pension settlements, tax effected using the applicable tax rates. Prior quarter and YTD charges of $8 million and $65 million pretax, respectively ($5 million and $49 million after tax, respectively), were related to the impairment of certain assets, restructuring, and a settlement, tax effected using the applicable tax rates.
(d) Current quarter and YTD expenses of $3 million pretax ($2 million after tax) were related to the Balto acquisition.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Current quarter and YTD expenses of $3 million pretax ($2 million after tax) were related to the Balto acquisition.
(e) Current quarter and YTD debt extinguishment charges of $36 million pretax ($27 million after tax) were related to the early redemption of notes, tax effected using the Company's U.S. income tax rate. Prior quarter and YTD debt extinguishment charges of $396 million pretax ($300 million after tax) and $410 million pretax ($311 million after tax), respectively, were related to the early repurchase of certain of the Company's debentures, tax effected using the Company's U.S. income tax rate.                                                                     Current quarter and YTD debt extinguishment charges of $36 million pretax ($27 million after tax) were related to the early redemption of notes, tax effected using the Company's U.S. income tax rate. Prior quarter and YTD debt extinguishment charges of $396 million pretax ($300 million after tax) and $410 million pretax ($311 million after tax), respectively, were related to the early repurchase of certain of the Company's debentures, tax effected using the Company's U.S. income tax rate.
(f) Loss (gain) on debt conversion option of $(7) million and $(17) million pretax ($(7) million and $(17) million after tax) in the current quarter and YTD, respectively, and $15 million pretax ($15 million after tax) in the prior quarter and YTD, was related to the mark-to-market adjustment of the conversion option of the exchangeable bonds issued in August 2020, tax effected using the applicable tax rate.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Loss (gain) on debt conversion option of $(7) million and $(17) million pretax ($(7) million and $(17) million after tax) in the current quarter and YTD, respectively, and $15 million pretax ($15 million after tax) in the prior quarter and YTD, was related to the mark-to-market adjustment of the conversion option of the exchangeable bonds issued in August 2020, tax effected using the applicable tax rate.
Adjusted net earnings reflects ADM's reported net earnings after removal of the effect on net earnings of specified items as more fully described above. Adjusted EPS reflects ADM's fully diluted EPS after removal of the effect on EPS as reported of specified items as more fully described above. Management believes that Adjusted net earnings and Adjusted EPS are useful measures of ADM's performance because they provide investors additional information about ADM's operations allowing better evaluation of underlying business performance and better period-to-period comparability. These non-GAAP financial measures are not intended to replace or be alternatives to net earnings and EPS as reported, the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures, or any other measures of operating results under GAAP. Earnings amounts described above have been divided by the company's diluted shares outstanding for each respective period in order to arrive at an adjusted EPS amount for each specified item.
Adjusted Return on Invested Capital
A non-GAAP financial measure
(unaudited)
                                                                                                                
Adjusted ROIC Earnings (in millions)                                                                                               
                                                                                                                          Four Quarters
                                                                                                                Quarter Ended                                                                                                                   Ended
                            Dec. 31, 2020                           Mar. 31, 2021                        June 30, 2021                        Sep. 30, 2021                        Sep. 30, 2021
                                 --------------------------------------                        --------------------------------                        --------------------------------                        --------------------------------                        --------------------------------
                                                                                             
Net earnings attributable to ADM $               687     $         689     $         712     $         526     $       2,614  
Adjustments:                                                                                                    
                                                  69                87                40                61               257  
   Interest expense
                                                   1                99                95                39               234  
   Other adjustments
                                 ------------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------
                                                  70               186               135               100               491  
     Total adjustments
                                                 (22 )                                (45 )                                (32 )                                (24 )                               (123 )
   Tax on adjustments
                                 ------------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------
                                                  48               141               103                76               368  
     Net adjustments
                                 ------------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------
Total Adjusted ROIC Earnings     $               735     $         830     $         815     $         602     $       2,982  
                                 ========= ========= ====================                      ====== ====== ====================                      ====== ====== ====================                      ====== ====== ====================                      ====== ====== ====================
Adjusted Invested Capital (in millions)                                                                                              
                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                  Quarter Ended                                                                                                               Trailing Four
                              Dec. 31, 2020                           Mar. 31, 2021                        June 30, 2021                        Sep. 30, 2021                       Quarter Average
                                   --------------------------------------                        --------------------------------                        --------------------------------                        --------------------------------                        --------------------------------
                                                                                               
Equity (1)                         $            20,000     $      20,841     $      21,582     $      21,969     $      21,098  
+ Interest-bearing liabilities (2)               9,937            11,208             9,729             8,941             9,954  
Other adjustments                                   (5 )                                 74                72                29                43  
                                   ------------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------                      ------------  --------------------
Total Adjusted Invested Capital    $            29,932     $      32,123     $      31,383     $      30,939     $      31,095  
                                   ========= ========= ====================                      ====== ====== ====================                      ====== ====== ====================                      ====== ====== ====================                      ====== ====== ====================
                                                                                               
                                                                                               
(1) Excludes noncontrolling interests
(2) Includes short-term debt, current maturities of long-term debt, finance lease obligations, and long-term debt
 
Adjusted Earnings Before Taxes, Interest, and Depreciation and Amortization (EBITDA)
A non-GAAP financial measure
(unaudited)
 
The tables below provide a reconciliation of earnings before income taxes to adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA by segment for the trailing four quarters ended September 30, 2021.
                                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                         Four Quarters
                                                                                                                                                      Quarter Ended                                                                                                                               Ended
                                                         Dec. 31, 2020                              Mar. 31, 2021                              June 30, 2021                              Sep. 30, 2021                              Sep. 30, 2021
                                                              --------------------------------------                        --------------------------------------                        --------------------------------------                        --------------------------------------                        --------------------------------------
                                                                                                         (in millions)                                         
Earnings before income taxes                                  $               756     $               824     $               825     $               653     $             3,058  
Interest expense                                                               69                      87                      40                      61                     257  
Depreciation and amortization                                                 249                     249                     243                     247                     988  
Losses (gains) on sales of assets and businesses                              (10 )                           --                     (22 )                           --                     (32 )
Asset impairment, exit, restructuring, and settlement charges                  27                      99                     118                       3                     247  
Railroad maintenance expense                                                   37          --                       3                      31                      71  
Debt extinguishment charges                                                    (1 )                           --          --                      36                      35  
Expenses related to acquisitions                                                4          --          --                       3                       7  
                                                              ------------------  --------------------                      ------------------  --------------------                      ------------------  --------------------                      ------------------  --------------------                      ------------------  --------------------
                                                              $             1,131     $             1,259     $             1,207     $             1,034     $             4,631  
   Adjusted EBITDA
                                                              ========= ========= ====================                      ========= ========= ====================                      ========= ========= ====================                      ========= ========= ====================                      ========= ========= ====================
                                                                                                                                            
                                                              ======================================                        ======================================                        ======================================                        ======================================                        ======================================
                                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                         Four Quarters
                                                                                                                                                      Quarter Ended                                                                                                                               Ended
                                                         Dec. 31, 2020                              Mar. 31, 2021                              June 30, 2021                              Sep. 30, 2021                              Sep. 30, 2021
                                                              --------------------------------------                        --------------------------------------                        --------------------------------------                        --------------------------------------                        --------------------------------------
                                                                                                         (in millions)                                         
Ag Services and Oilseeds                                      $               926     $               871     $               661     $               711     $             3,169  
Carbohydrate Solutions                                                        284                     342                     467                     297                   1,390  
Nutrition                                                                     185                     209                     253                     230                     877  
Other Business                                                                (14 )                                       11                       7                      (3 )                                        1  
Corporate                                                                    (250 )                                     (174 )                                     (181 )                                     (201 )                                     (806 )
                                                              ------------------  --------------------                      ------------------  --------------------                      ------------------  --------------------                      ------------------  --------------------                      ------------------  --------------------
                                                              $             1,131     $             1,259     $             1,207     $             1,034     $             4,631  
   Adjusted EBITDA
                                                              ========= ========= ====================                      ========= ========= ====================                      ========= ========= ====================                      ========= ========= ====================                      ========= ========= ====================
Adjusted EBITDA is defined as earnings before taxes, interest, and depreciation and amortization, adjusted for specified items. The Company calculates adjusted EBITDA by removing the impact of specified items and adding back the amounts of interest expense and depreciation and amortization to earnings before income taxes. Management believes that adjusted EBITDA is a useful measure of the Company's performance because it provides investors additional information about the Company's operations allowing better evaluation of underlying business performance and better period-to-period comparability. Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure and is not intended to replace or be an alternative to earnings before income taxes, the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure.

View source version on businesswire.com: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20211026005643/en/

SOURCE: ADM

Media Relations 
Jackie Anderson
312-634-8484

Investor Relations 
Vikram Luthar
312-634-8119
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