-- Reported a Net Loss of $25.5 million and a Pre-tax Loss of $87.3 million for the first quarter of 2020 and ended the quarter with $429.9 million of total stockholders' equity, or a book value per share of $3.32. Financial results included $78 million unfavorable impact on pre-tax loss due to changes in interest rates and a $62 million income tax benefit relating to changes in NOL utilization rules under the CARES Act.
-- Pre-tax income before notable items of $2 million, includes a $7 million unfavorable impact of COVID-19 during the quarter and $3 million unfavorable impact due to seasonal changes in employee costs and escrow balances versus the fourth quarter.
-- Ended the quarter with $263.6 million of cash despite $58.8 million of MSR financing margin calls and $133.6 million debt repayment.
-- Granted 114,600 active COVID-19 forbearance plans, or 8.5% of our total loans serviced as of April 30, 2020 for which we are directly obligated to advance on roughly 27% of these loans which is 7% of the Company's total owned servicing portfolio.
-- Originated and purchased MSR UPB of approximately $4 billion and grew our owned servicing portfolio to $77.2 billion. Originated approximately $11 billion of annualized volume across all retail and flow channels in March.
Ocwen Financial Corporation (NYSE: OCN) ("Ocwen" or the "Company"), a leading non-bank mortgage servicer and originator, today reported a net loss of $25.5 million, or $0.19 per share, for the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared to a net loss of $44.5 million or $0.33 per share for the three months ended March 31, 2019.
Glen A. Messina, President and CEO of Ocwen said, "The environment we are facing today is nothing like we expected at the start of the first quarter. Our momentum from 2019 continued into the first quarter with solid progress on our growth strategy, financial performance and business improvement plans. We moved to a remote workforce model while responding to our borrowers need for forbearance relief. I am extremely proud of how our team has reacted to address the welfare of our employees and ensure business continuity, while maintaining our high standards for operational excellence and compliance."
Mr. Messina added, "While we are operating in an environment with increased risk, we believe there are increased opportunities in both origination and delinquent servicing. We believe we are well positioned to take advantage of the opportunity to invest in both high quality MSR and delinquent servicing at very attractive returns. We expect to have adequate liquidity to operate our business and originate approximately $25 billion in new servicing additions with a target 50/50 mix of owned servicing and sub servicing."
Mr. Messina continues, "Because of the uncertainties of operating in the current environment, we are not providing near term earnings guidance. We continue to be one of the best servicers for non-performing loans with decades of experience. We are highly focused on exploring all strategic options to leverage our proven operating capability in this environment to create positive outcomes for consumers and fully realize the value of our platform for shareholders."
First quarter 2020 Results
Pre-tax loss for the first quarter of 2020 was $87.3 million, which compares to a $41.1 million loss in the first quarter of 2019. We recorded an income tax benefit of $61.9 million primarily due to the estimated income tax benefit to be recognized under the CARES Act.
First quarter 2020 Business Highlights
-- We closed and originated MSRs with $2.9 billion of unpaid principal balance in the first quarter of 2020.
-- We completed 8,325 modifications in the quarter to help struggling families stay in their homes.
-- Our forward MSR hedge strategy, which includes our reverse MSR, forward lending pipeline and derivative hedge instruments, performed as expected with total coverage against our forward MSR equal to 43% of the decline in our forward MSR value.
-- Our operating expenses for the quarter were $137 million, which were down from our operating expenses of $206 million for the second quarter of 2018; we realized adjusted annualized run rate cost savings of $395 million as compared to the adjusted annualized run rate costs of Ocwen and PHH Corporation combined for the second quarter 2018.
-- Delinquencies, excluding the impact of loans in forbearance due to COVID-19, decreased from 6.3% at December 31, 2019 to 6.1% at March 31, 2020, primarily driven by loss mitigation efforts.
-- The constant pre-payment rate (CPR) decreased from 16.7% in the fourth quarter of 2019 to 14.7% in the first quarter of 2020 due to lower interest rates. In the first quarter of 2020, prime CPR was 17.2%, and non-prime CPR was 12.9%.
-- We elected the fair value option for future draw commitments for HECM loans purchased or originated before January 1, 2019 and recorded a $47.0 million adjustment to retained earnings as of January 1, 2020.
-- Repurchased 5.7 million shares in the quarter for a total cost of $4.6 million
Webcast and Conference Call
Ocwen will host a webcast and conference call on Friday, May 8, 2020, at 8:30 a.m., Eastern Time, to discuss its financial results for the first quarter of 2020. The conference call will be webcast live over the Internet from the Company's website at www.Ocwen.com, click on the "Shareholders" section. A replay of the conference call will be available via the website approximately two hours after the conclusion of the call and will remain available for approximately 30 days.
About Ocwen Financial Corporation
Ocwen Financial Corporation (NYSE: OCN) is a leading non-bank mortgage servicer and originator providing solutions through its primary brands, PHH Mortgage and Liberty Reverse Mortgage. PHH Mortgage is one of the largest servicers in the country, focused on delivering a variety of servicing and lending programs. Liberty is one of the nation's largest reverse mortgage lenders dedicated to education and providing loans that help customers meet their personal and financial needs. We are headquartered in West Palm Beach, Florida, with offices in the United States and the U.S. Virgin Islands and operations in India and the Philippines, and have been serving our customers since 1988. For additional information, please visit our website (www.Ocwen.com).
Forward Looking Statements
This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These forward-looking statements may be identified by a reference to a future period or by the use of forward-looking terminology. Forward-looking statements are typically identified by words such as "believe", "expect", "foresee", "forecast", "anticipate", "intend", "estimate", "goal", "strategy", "plan" "target" and "project" or conditional verbs such as "will", "may", "should", "could" or "would" or the negative of these terms, although not all forward-looking statements contain these words.
Forward-looking statements by their nature address matters that are, to different degrees, uncertain. Our business has been undergoing substantial change and as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, we are in the midst of a period of significant capital markets volatility and a rapidly evolving mortgage lending and servicing environment, which has magnified such uncertainties. Readers should bear these factors in mind when considering such statements and should not place undue reliance on such statements.
Forward-looking statements involve a number of assumptions, risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially. In the past, actual results have differed from those suggested by forward looking statements and this may happen again.
Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those suggested by the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, uncertainty relating to the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, including with respect to the response of the U.S. government, state governments, the Federal National Mortgage Association (Fannie Mae), the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac, and together with Fannie Mae, the GSEs) and the Government National Mortgage Association (Ginnie Mae), and regulators, as well as the potential for ongoing disruption in the financial markets and in commercial activity generally, increased unemployment, and other financial difficulties facing our borrowers; the proportion of borrowers who enter into forbearance plans, the financial ability of borrowers to resume repayment and their timing for doing so; reduced collection of servicing fees and ancillary income and delayed collection of servicing revenue as a result of forbearance plans and moratoria on evictions and foreclosure proceedings; impacts on our operations resulting from employee illness, social distancing measures and our shift to greater utilization of remote work arrangements; the adequacy of our financial resources, including our sources of liquidity and ability to sell, fund and recover servicing advances, forward and reverse whole loans, and HECM and forward loan buyouts and put backs, as well as repay, renew and extend borrowings, borrow additional amounts as and when required, meet our MSR or other asset investment objectives and comply with our debt agreements, including the financial and other covenants contained in them; increased servicing costs based on increased borrower delinquency levels or other factors; the size and timing of a potential reverse split of our common stock; our ability to regain compliance with the continued listing standards of the New York Stock Exchange; the future of our long-term relationship and remaining servicing agreements with New Residential Investment Corp. (NRZ); our ability to execute an orderly and timely transfer of responsibilities in connection with the previously disclosed termination by NRZ of the PHH Mortgage Corporation (PMC) subservicing agreement; the reactions of regulators, lenders and other contractual counterparties, rating agencies, stockholders and other stakeholders to the announcement of the termination by NRZ of the PMC subservicing agreement; our ability to adjust our cost structure and operations as the loan transfer process is being completed in response to the previously disclosed termination by NRZ of the PMC subservicing agreement, including unanticipated costs and the timeline on which we can execute on these actions; our ability to devote sufficient management attention and financial resources to our growth and other strategic objectives as we operate in the midst of a period of significant capital markets volatility and change within the mortgage lending and servicing ecosystem; uncertainty related to our ability to execute on continuous cost re-engineering efforts and the other actions we believe are necessary for us to improve our financial performance; our ability to acquire MSRs or other assets or businesses at adequate risk-adjusted returns and at sufficient volume to achieve our growth goals, including our ability to allocate resources for investment, negotiate and execute purchase documentation and satisfy closing conditions so as to consummate such acquisitions; uncertainty related to our ability to grow our lending business and increase our lending volumes in a competitive market and uncertain interest rate environment; uncertainty related to claims, litigation, cease and desist orders and investigations brought by government agencies and private parties regarding our servicing, foreclosure, modification, origination and other practices, including uncertainty related to past, present or future investigations, litigation, cease and desist orders and settlements with state regulators, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), State Attorneys General, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), the Department of Justice or the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and actions brought under the False Claims Act regarding incentive and other payments made by governmental entities; adverse effects on our business as a result of regulatory investigations, litigation, cease and desist orders or settlements; reactions to the announcement of such investigations, litigation, cease and desist orders or settlements by key counterparties, including lenders, the GSEs, and Ginnie Mae; our ability to comply with the terms of our settlements with regulatory agencies and the costs of doing so; increased media attention; any adverse developments in existing legal proceedings or the initiation of new legal proceedings; our ability to effectively manage our regulatory and contractual compliance obligations; our ability to interpret correctly and comply with liquidity, net worth and other financial and other requirements of regulators, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and Ginnie Mae, as well as those set forth in our debt and other agreements; our ability to comply with our servicing agreements, including our ability to comply with our agreements with, and the requirements of, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and Ginnie Mae and maintain our seller/servicer and other statuses with them; the impact on Ocwen of our implementation of the CECL methodology for financial instruments (ASU 2016-13 and ASU 2019-04); our ability to fund future draws on existing loans in our reverse mortgage portfolio; our servicer and credit ratings as well as other actions from various rating agencies, including the impact of prior or future downgrades of our servicer and credit ratings; as well as other risks and uncertainties detailed in Ocwen's reports and filings with the SEC, including its annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 and its current and quarterly reports since such date. Anyone wishing to understand Ocwen's business should review its SEC filings. Our forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made and, we disclaim any obligation to update or revise forward-looking statements whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
Note Regarding Non-GAAP Financial Measures
This press release contains certain non-GAAP financial measures, such as our references to adjusted annualized run rate cost savings and pre-tax income excluding income statement notables. We believe these non-GAAP financial measures provide a useful supplement to discussions and analysis of our financial condition. We believe these non-GAAP financial measures provide an alternative way to view certain aspects of our business that is instructive. Below, we present supplemental information (including reconciliations) relating to certain illustrative adjustments to GAAP expenses, and pre-tax income (loss). We believe this information is instructive as an alternative way to view certain aspects of our business. In addition, management believes that these presentations may assist investors with understanding and evaluating our cost re-engineering efforts and other initiatives to drive improved financial performance. However, the adjustments we make to GAAP expenses and pre-tax income (loss) should not be analyzed in isolation or as a substitute to analysis of our GAAP expenses and pre-tax income (loss). There are certain limitations to the analytical usefulness of the adjustments we make to GAAP expenses and pre-tax income (loss) and, accordingly, we rely primarily on our GAAP results and use these adjustments only for purposes of supplemental analysis. For example, annualization of amounts relevant to one quarter may or may not be a good indicator of the relevant full year amount due to facts or circumstances impacting the quarter or the three subsequent quarters, among other factors. Non-GAAP financial measures should be viewed in addition to, and not as an alternative for, Ocwen's reported results under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. Other companies may use non-GAAP financial measures with the same or similar titles that are calculated differently to our non-GAAP financial measures. As a result, comparability may be limited. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on analysis of the adjustments we make to GAAP expenses and pre-tax income (loss).
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Investors: Media: June Campbell Dico Akseraylian T: (856) 917-3190 T: (856) 917-0066 E: firstname.lastname@example.org E: email@example.com
Residential Servicing Statistics (Dollars in thousands) At or for the Three Months Ended March 31, December 31, September 30, June 30, March 31, 2020 2019 2019 2019 2019 Total unpaid principal balance of loans and REO serviced $ 208,761,340 $ 212,366,431 $ 216,754,784 $ 229,283,045 $ 251,080,740 Non-performing loans and REO serviced as a % of total UPB 6.1 % 6.3 % 5.7 % 5.5 % 4.7 % Prepayment speed (average CPR) 14.7 % 16.7 % 17.7 % 15.2 % 12.5 %
(1) Performing loans include those loans that are less than 90 days past due and those loans for which borrowers are making scheduled payments under loan modification, forbearance or bankruptcy plans. We consider all other loans to be non-performing.
(2) Average CPR for the prior three months. CPR measures prepayments as a percentage of the current outstanding loan balance expressed as a compound annual rate.
(3) Average CPR for the three months ended March 31, 2020 includes 17.2% for prime loans and 12.9% for non-prime loans.
Segment Results (Dollars in thousands) For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 2019 Servicing Revenue $ 213,555 $ 259,274 MSR valuation adjustments, net (174,436 ) (108,914 ) Operating expenses 80,473 156,984 Other expense, net (14,742 ) (50,879 ) Loss before income taxes (56,096 ) (57,503 ) Originations Revenue 37,647 41,091 MSR valuation adjustments, net 316 (84 ) Operating expenses 26,958 21,247 Other income (expense), net (624 ) 100 Income before income taxes 10,381 19,860 Corporate Items and Other Revenue 2,640 3,523 Operating expenses 29,783 (7,124 ) Other expense, net (14,487 ) (14,088 ) Loss before income taxes (41,630 ) (3,441 ) Consolidated loss before income taxes $ (87,345 ) $ (41,084 )
OCWEN FINANCIAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Dollars in thousands, except per share data) For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 2019 Revenue Servicing and subservicing fees $ 211,483 $ 256,616 Reverse mortgage revenue, net 22,797 32,123 Gain on loans held for sale, net 13,331 8,982 Other revenue, net 6,231 6,167 Total revenue 253,842 303,888 MSR valuation adjustments, net (174,120 ) (108,998 ) Operating expenses Compensation and benefits 60,728 94,696 Servicing and origination 20,256 28,698 Professional services 25,637 3,441 Technology and communications 15,193 24,435 Occupancy and equipment 11,969 16,589 Other expenses 3,431 3,248 Total operating expenses 137,214 171,107 Other income (expense) Interest income 5,395 4,558 Interest expense (29,982 ) (26,489 ) Pledged MSR liability expense (6,594 ) (43,956 ) Other, net 1,328 1,020 Total other expense, net (29,853 ) (64,867 ) Loss before income taxes (87,345 ) (41,084 ) Income tax (benefit) expense (61,856 ) 3,410 Net loss $ (25,489 ) $ (44,494 ) Loss per share attributable to Ocwen stockholders Basic and Diluted $ (0.19 ) $ (0.33 ) Weighted average common shares outstanding Basic and Diluted 134,858,837 133,918,986
OCWEN FINANCIAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Dollars in thousands, except per share data) March 31, December 31, 2020 2019 Assets Cash and cash equivalents $ 263,555 $ 428,339 Restricted cash (amounts related to variable interest entities (VIEs) of $13,881 and $20,434) 53,177 64,001 Mortgage servicing rights (MSRs), at fair value 1,050,228 1,486,395 Advances, net (amounts related to VIEs of $751,020 and $801,990) 1,024,807 1,056,523 Loans held for sale ($203,592 and $208,752 carried at fair value) 246,015 275,269 Loans held for investment, at fair value (amounts related to VIEs of $22,561 and $23,342) 6,591,382 6,292,938 Receivables, net 235,305 201,220 Premises and equipment, net 37,430 38,274 Other assets ($17,711 and $8,524 carried at fair value) (amounts related to VIEs of $2,290 and $4,078) 484,125 563,240 Total assets $ 9,986,024 $ 10,406,199 Liabilities and Equity Liabilities Home Equity Conversion Mortgage-Backed Securities (HMBS) related borrowings, at fair value $ 6,323,091 $ 6,063,435 Advance match funded liabilities (related to VIEs) 625,951 679,109 Other financing liabilities, at fair value (amounts related to VIEs of $21,365 and $22,002) 623,049 972,595 Other secured borrowings, net (amounts related to VIEs $200,006 and $240,893) 797,615 1,025,791 Senior notes, net 311,290 311,085 Other liabilities ($2,589 and $100 carried at fair value) (amounts related to VIEs of $88 and $144) 875,171 942,173 Total liabilities 9,556,167 9,994,188 Stockholders' Equity Common stock, $.01 par value; 200,000,000 shares authorized; 129,582,259 and 134,862,232 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 respectively 1,296 1,349 Additional paid-in capital 553,066 556,798 Accumulated deficit (116,993 ) (138,542 ) Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of income taxes (7,512 ) (7,594 ) Total stockholders' equity 429,857 412,011 Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $ 9,986,024 $ 10,406,199
OCWEN FINANCIAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Dollars in thousands) For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 2019 Cash flows from operating activities Net loss $ (25,489 ) $ (44,494 ) Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities: MSR valuation adjustments, net 174,120 108,998 Gain on sale of MSRs, net (286 ) (369 ) Provision for bad debts 4,879 9,170 Depreciation 3,997 8,551 Amortization of debt issuance costs 1,733 700 Equity-based compensation expense 746 857 Gain on valuation of financing liability (30,697 ) (26,237 ) Net gain on valuation of mortgage loans held for investment and HMBS-related borrowings (17,910 ) (23,487 ) Gain on loans held for sale, net (13,331 ) (11,112 ) Origination and purchase of loans held for sale (831,474 ) (304,182 ) Proceeds from sale and collections of loans held for sale 843,178 305,322 Changes in assets and liabilities: Decrease in advances, net 29,428 91,114 Decrease in receivables and other assets, net 13,642 23,627 Increase (decrease) in other liabilities 18,033 (36,755 ) Other, net 408 (1,039 ) Net cash provided by operating activities 170,977 100,664 Cash flows from investing activities Origination of loans held for investment (294,932 ) (209,264 ) Principal payments received on loans held for investment 175,095 104,630 Purchase of MSRs (29,828 ) (48,641 ) Proceeds from sale of MSRs -- 868 Proceeds from sale of advances 105 1,070 Additions to premises and equipment (1,072 ) (531 ) Proceeds from sale of real estate 2,814 1,682 Other, net 491 (1,157 ) Net cash used in investing activities (147,327 ) (151,343 )
OCWEN FINANCIAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS -- (continued) (Dollars in thousands) For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 2019 Cash flows from financing activities Repayment of advance match funded liabilities, net (53,158 ) (128,900 ) Proceeds from mortgage loan warehouse facilities and other secured borrowings 1,330,667 616,891 Repayment of mortgage loan warehouse facilities and other secured borrowings (1,478,616 ) (727,711 ) Proceeds from issuance of additional senior secured term loan (SSTL) -- 119,100 Repayment of SSTL borrowings (126,066 ) (6,358 ) Payment of debt issuance costs related to SSTL (7,267 ) (1,284 ) Proceeds from sale of MSRs accounted for as a financing -- 577 Proceeds from sale of Home Equity Conversion Mortgages (HECM, or reverse mortgages) accounted for as a financing (HMBS-related borrowings) 312,249 210,563 Repayment of HMBS-related borrowings (172,429 ) (102,389 ) Repurchase of common stock (4,605 ) -- Other, net (33 ) (253 ) Net cash used in financing activities (199,258 ) (19,764 ) Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash (175,608 ) (70,443 ) Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of year 492,340 397,010 Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period (1) $ 316,732 $ 326,567 (1) Cash and restricted cash as of March 31, 2020 and 2019 includes $263.6 million and $263.2 million of cash and $53.2 million and $63.4 million of restricted cash and debt service accounts, respectively.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures:
In the table titled "Expenses Excluding MSR Valuation Adjustments, net, and Expense Notables", we adjust GAAP expenses to exclude MSR Valuation Adjustments, net for the following expenses (Expense Notables) for (1) expense related to severance, retention and other cost re-engineering actions, (2) certain significant legal and regulatory settlement expense items, (3) CFPB, Florida Attorney General/Florida Office of Financial Regulations and Massachusetts Attorney General litigation related legal expenses, state regulatory action related legal expenses and state regulatory action settlement related escrow analysis costs (collectively, CFPB and state regulatory defense and escrow analysis expenses), (4) NRZ consent process expenses related to the transfer of legal title in MSRs to NRZ, (5) PHH acquisition and integration planning expenses (through 2019), (6) expense recoveries related to insurance recoveries of legal expenses, mortgage insurance claim settlement recoveries and amounts previously expensed from a service provider and (7) certain other costs including operating expenses incurred as a direct result of the COVID-19 pandemic, compensation expense reversals relating to departing executives and reversals of management incentive compensation payouts and reversals of reserves related to a legacy MSR sale (collectively, Other) consistent with the intent of providing management and investors with a supplemental means of evaluating our expenses. Amounts included within Expenses excluding MSR Valuation Adjustments, net and Expense Notables are expected to vary in each period due to cost re-engineering actions and other factors.
Expenses Excluding MSR Valuation Adjustments, net, and Expense Notables
($ in millions) Q2'18 Q1'20 OCN + PHH OCN OCN (Annualized) (Annualized) I Expenses (as reported) 1,107 II Reclassifications 5 III Deduction of MSR valuation adjustment, net (132) IV Operating Expenses (Expenses excluding MSR Valuation Adjustments, net) (I+II+III) 979 137 549 Adjustments for Notables Re-engineering costs (32) (3) Significant legal and regulatory settlement expenses (20) (4) CFPB & state regulatory defense & escrow analysis costs (22) (3) NRZ consent process expenses (2) 1 PHH acquisition and integration planning expenses (8) - Expense recoveries 23 - Other (1) 2 V Expense Notables (63) (7) Annualized Savings VI Expenses excluding MSR Valuation Adjustments, net, and Expense Notables (IV+V) 916 130 521 (395)
(a) Q2'18 expenses as per OCN Form 10-Q of $206 filed on July 26, 2018 and PHH Form 10-Q of $71 filed August 3, 2018, annualized to equal $1,107 on a combined basis
(b) Reclassifications made to PHH reported expenses to conform to Ocwen presentation
(c) OCN changed the presentation of expenses in Q4' 19 to separately report MSR valuation adjustments, net from operating expenses
In the table titled "Income Statement Notables", we show certain illustrative adjustments to GAAP pre-tax income/(loss) for the following factors (1) Expense Notables (excluding MSR Valuation Adjustments, net), (2) changes in fair value of our Non-Agency MSRs due to changes in interest rates, valuation inputs and other assumptions, (3) changes in fair value of our Agency MSRs due to changes in interest rates, valuation inputs and other assumptions, net of hedge positions, (4) offsets to changes in fair value of our MSRs in our NRZ financing liability due to changes in interest rates, valuation inputs and other assumptions, (5) changes in fair value of our reverse originations portfolio due to changes in interest rates, valuation inputs and other assumptions, (6) gains related to exercising servicer call rights, (7) certain other costs, including pension benefits (collectively, Other) and (8) amortization of NRZ lump-sum cash payments consistent with the intent of providing management and investors with a supplemental means of evaluating our pre-tax income/(loss). Amounts included in Pre-Tax Loss excluding Income Statement Notables and Amortization of NRZ Lump-sum Cash Payments are expected to vary in each period due to changes in interest rates and other factors.
Income Statement Notables
($ in millions) Q2'18 Q1'20 OCN + PHH OCN OCN (Annualized) (Annualized) I Reported Pre-tax Income / (Loss) (253) (87) (349) Adjustments for Notables Expenses Notables (from prior table) 7 Non-Agency MSR FV Change (10) Agency MSR FV Change, net of macro hedge 133 NRZ MSR Liability FV Change (Interest Expense) (32) Reverse FV Change (12) Other 5 II Total Income Statement Notables 72 89 III Pre-Tax Income / (Loss) excluding Income Statement Notables (I+II) (181) 2 8 IV Amortization of NRZ Lump-sum Cash Payments (141) (25) V Pre-Tax Loss excluding Income Statement Notables and Amortization of NRZ Lump-sum Cash Payments (III+IV) (322) (23) (94)
(a) Q2'18 pre-tax loss as per respective Forms 10-Q filed on July 26, 2018 and August 3, 2018, respectively
(b) FV changes that are driven by changes in interest rates, valuation inputs or other assumptions, net of unrealized gains / (losses) on macro hedge. Non-Agency = Total MSR excluding GNMA & GSE MSRs. Agency = GNMA & GSE MSRs
(c) Represents OCN and PHH combined pre-tax loss excluding income statement notables and amortization of NRZ lump-sum cash payments